Edfu South Pyramid

A first reconnaissance survey has been carried out at the small step pyramid located 5 km south west of Edfu, at the village of el-Ghonameya by G. Marouard (University of Chicago) and H. Papazian (University of Copenhagen). This pyramid is a step pyramid and belongs to a series of almost identical small pyramids which have been discovered near several provincial center in Egypt such as Elephantine, Hierakonpolis, Naqada, Abydos, Zawiet el Meitin and Seila in the Fayum. According to an inscription found at Elephantine, which has been linked directly to the pyramid, it dates to the reign of Huni, a ruler of the 3rd Dynasty. It is also clear from a study carried out by W. Kaiser and G. Dreyer in 1980 that these pyramids were not intended for funerary use. Their precise function has not been determined yet.

The site is currently endangered by a fast developing modern cemetery and road works in the vicinity.  This is also the last pyramid of the group, which, has so far been relatively untouched and has thus potential for the discovery of further data relating to its period of use and precise function. The monument in its current state of preservation has sides measuring 18 m in length; its height lies around 5.50 to 6.00 m consisting of four steps. The blocks are made of local sandstone.

Within the frame of the Tell Edfu Project, we are planning to conduct extensive cleaning and restoration work including some excavation along the eastern and northern sides of this monument depending on finding the necessary funding.

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